4. Rua Augusta Arch, Lisbon, Portugal
Rua Augusta Arch is one of the main tourist attractions in Lisbon city. It was built to commemorate the reconstruction of city after major 1755’s Earthquake. Actually the construction of this stone arch started in 1755. But completed only in 1875, after a century long delay. This arch has six columns, each one is designed with statues of historical figures. From the top of the arch visitors will get great panoramic view of the city.
The Rua Augusta Arch is a stone, triumphal arch-like, historical building and visitor attraction in Lisbon, Portugal, on the Praça do Comércio. It was built to commemorate the city’s reconstruction after the 1755 earthquake. It has six columns and is adorned with statues of various historical figures. Significant height from the arch crown to the cornice imparts an appearance of heaviness to the structure. The associated space is filled with the coat of arms of Portugal. The allegorical group at the top, made by French sculptor Célestin Anatole Calmels, represents Glory rewarding Valor and Genius.
Originally designed as a bell tower, the building was ultimately transformed into an elaborate arch after more than a century.
Because of the top cornice’s great height, the figures above it had to be made colossal. The female allegory of Glory, which is dressed in peplos and measures 23 feet, stands on a three-step throne and holds two crowns. Valor is personified by an amazon, partially covered with chlamys and wearing a high-crested helmet with dragon patterns, which were the symbols of the House of Braganza. her left hand holds the parazonium, with a trophy of flags behind. The Genius encompasses a statue of Jupiter behind his left arm. At his left side are the attributes of writing and arts.