2. Arc De Triomphe, Paris, France
Arc De Triumphe located in Paris, France, one of popular landmarks of the city. It was built to honours the soldiers who died in French revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. The inner and outer walls of the monument inscribed with names of all French victories and heroes who fought in wars for the countries. The vault under this monument also contain tomb of an unknown soldier who died in World War I.
The construction of this monument ordered by French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte in 1806, to honor grande armee. After the Austerlitz victory in the year 1805 Napoleon said to soldiers of grande armee “You will return home through Arc of Triumph”. The first stone of the project was laid on 15th August 1806. But the construction had been stopped several times after the abdication of Napoleon and finally completed in 1836. The monument have height of 50 meter, features observation deck at the top for the visitors.
The Arc de Triomphe de l’Étoile is one of the most famous monuments in Paris, standing at the western end of the Champs-Élysées at the center of Place Charles de Gaulle, formerly named Place de l’Étoile — the étoile or «star» of the juncture formed by its twelve radiating avenues.
The Arc de Triomphe should not be confused with a smaller arch, the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, which stands west of the Louvre. The Arc de Triomphe honours those who fought and died for France in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, with the names of all French victories and generals inscribed on its inner and outer surfaces. Beneath its vault lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I.
As the central cohesive element of the Axe historique historic axis, a sequence of monuments and grand thoroughfares on a route which runs from the courtyard of the Louvre to the Grande Arche de la Défense, the Arc de Triomphe was designed by Jean Chalgrin in 1806 and its iconographic program pits heroically nude French youths against bearded Germanic warriors in chain mail. It set the tone for public monuments with triumphant patriotic messages.